American Academy For Yoga in Medicine

Attention Hyperthyroidism Patients: Foods You Should Eat and Avoid Now!

Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone, often due to Graves’ disease. It can cause symptoms like weight loss, anxiety, and muscle weakness. While diet can’t cure hyperthyroidism, certain foods can help manage symptoms and support overall health.

How Diet Affects Hyperthyroidism

Diet can influence thyroid hormone production and function. Essential nutrients and chemicals include:

  • Iodine: Excess iodine can worsen hyperthyroidism.
  • Calcium & Vitamin D: Important for bone health, as hyperthyroidism can decrease bone density.
  • Caffeine: Can worsen hyperthyroid symptoms.

Foods to Eat

  1. Low Iodine Foods:
  • Non-iodized salt, egg whites, fresh or frozen vegetables, herbs and spices, vegetable oils, unsalted nuts, and certain fruits.
  1. Cruciferous Vegetables:
  • Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, kale, radishes, bok choy, cauliflower, broccoli.
  1. Selenium-Rich Foods:
  • Brazil nuts, fortified pasta and cereals, rice, egg whites, baked beans, spinach.
  1. Iron-Rich Foods:
  • Fortified cereals, raisins, dark chocolate, lean meats, spinach.
  1. Calcium & Vitamin D Foods:
  • Broccoli, fortified orange juice, kale, bok choy. Limited amounts of milk and fortified cereals.
  1. Spices:
  • Turmeric and green chilis.

Foods to Avoid

  1. Iodine-Rich Foods:
  • Iodized salt, fish, shellfish, seaweed, dairy products, iodine supplements, egg yolks, foods with red dye, carrageenan, and baked goods with iodate dough conditioners.
  1. Soy Products:
  • Soy milk, soy sauce, tofu, edamame, soybean oil.
  1. Gluten:
  • Wheat, barley, oats, and rye.
  1. Caffeine:
  • Coffee, black tea, chocolate, soda, energy drinks.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Which foods are good for hyperthyroidism? Foods rich in selenium, iron, calcium, and vitamin D can be beneficial.
  • What foods should a person with hyperthyroidism avoid? High-iodine foods, such as soy, gluten, and caffeine, should be avoided.
  • Can diet reverse hyperthyroidism? Diet alone cannot cure hyperthyroidism but can help manage symptoms.
  • What should someone with hyperthyroidism drink? Water, milk, certain herbal teas, and low-iodine drinks like lemonade in moderation.


Hyperthyroidism requires proper management, including dietary adjustments. Following a low-iodine diet and avoiding specific foods can help manage symptoms. Always consult a healthcare provider for personalized advice.

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